Citations from Dear Machine

Citations From Dear Machine 

The following citations were used in the book “Dear Machine - A Letter to a Super-Aware/Intelligent Machine”.

  • [1] “A superintelligence is a hypothetical agent that possesses intelligence far surpassing that of the brightest and most gifted human minds.” Wikipedia, “Intelligence,” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superintelligence.

  • [2] William Bryk, “Artificial superintelligence: The coming revolution,” Harvard Science Review, 2015, https://harvardsciencereview.com/2015/12/04/ artificial-superintelligence-the-coming-revolution-2/.

  • [3] “Post-scarcity is an economic theory in which most goods can be produced in great abundance with minimal human labor needed, so that they become available to all very cheaply or even freely.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-scarcity_economy

  • [4] Yuval N. Harari, Sapiens: a Brief History of Humankind (New York, 2015).

  • [5] H. C. Peoples, et al., “Hunter-Gatherers and the origins of religion,” Human Nature, vol. 27 (2016), https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12110-016-9260-0.

  • [6] William E. Banks, et al., "Neanderthal extinction by competitive exclusion," PLOS ONE, vol. 3 (2008), http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0003972.

  • [7] Sander van der Kaars, et al., “Humans rather than climate the primary cause of Pleistocene megafaunal extinction in Australia,” Nature Communications, vol. 8 (2017), https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14142.

  • [8] Yadvinder Malhi, et al., “Megafauna and ecosystem function from the Pleistocene to the Anthropocene,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America [PNAS], vol. 113 (2016), http://www.pnas.org/content/113/4/838.

  • [9] Abdoulaye Coulibaly, et al., "Phytic Acid in Cereal Grains: Structure, Healthy or Harmful Ways to Reduce Phytic Acid in Cereal Grains and Their Effects on Nutritional Quality", American Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilization Technology, vol. 1 (2011), https://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ajpnft.2011.1.22.

  • [10] Wikipedia, “History of Agriculture,” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture.

  • [11] Clark Spencer Larsen, “Animal source foods and human health during evolution,” The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 133 (2003), https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/133/11/3893S/4818039.

  • [12] “An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location, and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.” Wikipedia, “Invasive Species,” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasive_species.

  • [13] Kalpana Srivastava, “Urbanization and mental health,” Industrial Psychology Journal, vol. 18 (2009), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2996208/.

  • [14] Vinod K. Gupta, et al., “Geography, ethnicity or subsistence-specific variations in human microbiome composition and diversity,” Frontiers in Microbiology, vol. 8 (2017), https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/ articles/ PMC5481955/.

  • [15] Yasmine Belkaid and Timothy Hand, “Role of the microbiota in immunity and inflammation,” Cell, vol. 157 (2014), https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/ articles/ PMC4056765/.

  • [16] Daniel Dennett, “The Self as a center of narrative gravity,” in F. Kessel, P. Cole and D. Johnson (eds.), Self and Consciousness: Multiple Perspectives (Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1992), http:// cogprints.org/ 266/ 1/ selfctr.htm.

  • [17] Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, et al., “Association of loneliness with all-cause mortality: A meta-analysis,” PLOS ONE, vol. 13 (2018), http:// journals.plos.org/ plosone/ article? id = 10.1371/ journal.pone. 0190033.

  • [18] Wikipedia, “Blue Zone,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Blue_Zone.

  • [19] Tom Stafford, “Your subconscious is smarter than you think,” BBC Future, 2015, http:// www.bbc.com/ future/ story/ 20150217-how-smart-is-your-subconscious.

  • [20] Leonard Mlodinow, Subliminal: How Your Unconscious Mind Rules Your Behavior (New York, 2012).

  • [21] Harvard School of Public Health, “The Best Diet: Quality Counts”, https:// www.hsph.harvard.edu/ nutritionsource/ healthy-weight/ best-diet-quality-counts/.

  • [22] Sustainable Table, “Environment”, http:// www.sustainabletable.org/ 265/ environment.

  • [23] Gareth Le Page, et al., “Integrating human and environmental health in antibiotic risk assessment: A critical analysis of protection goals, species sensitivity and antimicrobial resistance,” Environment International, vol. 109 (2017), https:// www.sciencedirect.com/ science/ article/ pii/ S0160412017309005.

  • [24] “The Information Age… is a historic period in the 21st century characterized by the rapid shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on information technology”. Wikipedia, “Information Age,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Information_Age.

  • [25] “Environmentalism… is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter”. Wikipedia, “Environmentalism,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Environmentalism.

  • [26] “Holistic Health... is a concept that concern for health requires a perception of the individual as an integrated system rather than one or more separate parts including physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional. Also spelled wholistic health.” The Free Dictionary, “Holistic Health,” https:// medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/ holistic + health.

  • [27] Matthew Harrington, “Survey: People's Trust Has Declined in Business, Media, Government, and NGOs,” Harvard Business Review, 2017, https:// hbr.org/ 2017/ 01/ survey-peoples-trust-has-declined-in-business-media-government-and-ngos.

  • [28] JUST Capital measures and ranks companies on the issues Americans care about most so they can then act on that knowledge. JUST Capital was co-founded in 2013 by a group of concerned people from the world of business, finance, and civil society, including Paul Tudor Jones II, Deepak Chopra, Rinaldo Brutoco, Arianna Huffington, Paul Scialla, and others. https:// justcapital.com/.

  • [29] Mary Childs, “Billionaire Ray Dalio Says 'Capitalism Is Not Working' for Most People”, Elite Trader, 2018, https:// www.elitetrader.com/ et/ threads/ billionaire-ray-dalio-says-capitalism-is-not-working-for-most-people. billionaire-ray-dalio-says-capitalism-is-not-working-for-most-people. 326857/.

  • [30] “Cost Externalization... is a socioeconomic term describing how a business maximizes its profits by off-loading indirect costs and forcing negative effects to a third party.” Wikipedia, “Cost Externalizing,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Cost_externalizing.

  • [31] Vartul Mittal, “Top 15 Deep Learning applications that will rule the world in 2018 and beyond,” Medium, 2017, https:// medium.com/@ vratulmittal/ top-15-deep-learning-applications-that-will-rule-the-world-in-2018-and-beyond-7c6130c43b01.

  • [32] Greg Brockman, “Can We Rule Out Near Term AGI”, 2018 https:// www.youtube.com/ watch? time_continue = 11& v = YHCSNsLKHfM

  • [33] Tom Simonite, “Google's Learning Software Learns to Write Learning Software,” Wired, 2017, https:// www.wired.com/ story/ googles-learning-software-learns-to-write-learning-software/.

  • [34] David Chalmers, John Locke Lecture, “Presenting a philosophical analysis of the possibility of a technological singularity or 'intelligence explosion' resulting from recursively self-improving AI,” 2010, Exam Schools, Oxford, archived 2013-01-15.

  • [35] “Deep learning (also known as deep structured learning or hierarchical learning) is part of a broader family of machine learning methods based on learning data representations, as opposed to task-specific algorithms.” Wikipedia, “Deep learning,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Deep_learning.

  • [36] “A smart contract is a computer protocol intended to digitally facilitate, verify, or enforce the negotiation or performance of a contract. Smart contracts allow the performance of credible transactions without third parties. These transactions are trackable and irreversible.” Wikipedia, “Smart contract,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Smart_contract.

  • [37] “A blockchain is a growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked using cryptography. Blockchains which are readable by the public are widely used by cryptocurrencies.” Wikipedia, “Blockchain,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Blockchain.

  • [38] These include the Raven Protocol, “a decentralized & distributed deep-learning training protocol. Providing cost-efficient and faster training of deep neural networks,” (https:// www.ravenprotocol.com/), the Keplertek Blockchain-powered AI & Robotics Ecosystem (https:// keplertek.io/), and SingularityNet, “the Global AI Network,” (https:// singularitynet.io/).

  • [39] Martin Giles, "The world's most powerful supercomputer is tailor made for the AI era," MIT Technology Review, 2018, https:// www.technologyreview.com/ s/ 611077/ the-worlds-most-powerful-supercomputer-is-tailor-made-for-the-ai-era/.

  • [40] Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species (London, 1859).

  • [41] Tim Urban, “The AI Revolution: Our Immortality or Extinction,” Wait But Why, 2015, https:// waitbutwhy.com/ 2015/ 01/ artificial-intelligence-revolution-2. html.

  • [42] Nick Bostrom, Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies (Oxford, 2014). [43] Nancy Baron, “Salmon Trees - A researcher's discovery that trees and animals depend on salmon as much as people do has far-reaching implications for British Columbia's forestry and fisheries policies,” Hakai Magazine, 2015, https:// www.hakaimagazine.com/ features/ salmon-trees/.

  • [44] Catherine A. Lozupone, “Unraveling Interactions between the microbiome and the host immune system to decipher mechanisms of disease,” mSystems, vol. 3 (2018), https:// msystems.asm.org/ content/ 3/ 2/ e00183-17.

  • [45] Pew Research Center, “The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050,” 2015, http:// www.pewforum.org/ 2015/ 04/ 02/ buddhists/.

  • [46] John Henry Holland, Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity (New York, 1995), https:// www.scribd.com/ document/ 347934094/ John-Holland-Hidden-Order-How-Adaptation-Builds-Complexity.

  • [47] R. Buckminster Fuller, Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth (Edwardsville, IL, 1969).

  • [48] J. Doyne Farmer, et al., eds., Artificial Life II: Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Science of Complexity (Santa Fe, 2003).

  • [49] Kevin Laland, “What Made Us Unique: How We Became a Different Kind of animal,” Scientific American, 2018, https:// www.scientificamerican.com/ article/ what-made-us-unique/.

  • [50] Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene (Oxford, 1976).

  • [51] Wikipedia, “Susan Blackmore,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Susan_Blackmore; Wikipedia, “Daniel Dennett,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Daniel_Dennett.

  • [52] Idea ecosystems are defined in this letter as swarms of competing and collaborating ideas including cultural beliefs and behaviors that inform human that drive human behavior.

  • [53] Robin Meadows, “Malaria Linked to Deforestation”, Conservation Magazine, 2008, https:// www.conservationmagazine.org/ 2008/ 07/ malaria-linked-to-deforestation/.

  • [54] Taal Levi, et al., “Deer, Predators and the emergence of Lyme Disease”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol. 109 (2012), https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/ articles/ PMC3390851/.

  • [55] Caroline Davies, “Deforestation 'may have started west Africa's Ebola outbreak',” The Guardian, 2015 https:// www.theguardian.com/ world/ 2015/ oct/ 29/ deforestation-might-have-started-west-africas-ebola-outbreak.

  • [56] Dilly Hussain, “ISIS: The 'unintended consequences' of the US-led war on Iraq,” Foreign Policy Journal, 2015, https:// www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/ 2015/ 03/ 23/ isis-the-unintended-consequences-of-the-us-led-war-on-iraq/.

  • [57] Betty Hart and Todd R. Risley, “The Early Catastrophe: The 30 Million Word Gap by Age 3,” Education Review vol. 17 (2003), https:// www.aft.org/ sites/ default/ files/ periodicals/ TheEarlyCatastrophe.pdf.

  • [58] Heidi Kääriö, “The allergy and asthma protective effects of farm environment and pet animals – The role of immunomodulation,” PhD diss., University of Eastern Finland, 2015, http:// epublications.uef.fi/ pub/ urn_isbn_978-952-61-1993-9/ urn_isbn_978-952-61-1993-9. pdf.

  • [59] Laland, “What Made Us Unique.”

  • [60] The Santa Fe Institute is a is an independent, non-profit 501( c)( 3) research and education center exploring the frontiers of complex systems science. https:// www.santafe.edu/ about.

  • [61] Veronique Greenwood, “How Nature Defies Math in Keeping Ecosystems Stable,” Quanta Magazine, 2018, https:// www.quantamagazine.org/ how-nature-defies-math-in-keeping-ecosystems-stable-20180926/.

  • [62] Paul B. Eckburg, et al., “Diversity of the human intestinal microbial flora,” Science, vol. 308 (2005), http:// science.sciencemag.org/ content/ 308/ 5728/ 1635.

  • [63] Sarah Dash, et al., “The gut microbiome and diet in psychiatry: focus on depression,” Current Opinion in Psychiatry, vol. 28 (2015).

  • [64] Mike Amaranthus and Bruce Allyn, "Healthy Soil Microbes, Healthy People: the microbial community in the ground is as important as the one in our guts," The Atlantic, 2013, https:// www.theatlantic.com/ health/ archive/ 2013/ 06/ healthy-soil-microbes-healthy-people/ 276710/.

  • [65] R. Lal, “Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security,” Science, vol. 304 (2004).

  • [66] Harrison Pharamond, “The Importance of Regenerative Agriculture in a Warming World,” Social Capital Markets, 2017, https:// socialcapitalmarkets.net/ 2017/ 11/ the-importance-of-regenerative-agriculture-in-a-warming-world/.

  • [67] McGraw-Hill Education, “McGraw-Hill Education Study Shows Significant Improvement in Student Outcomes through Adaptive Technology,” 2016, https:// www.mheducation.com/ news-media/ press-releases/ study-shows-significant-improvement-student-outcomes-adaptive-technology.html.

  • [68] The Ounce, “Start Early Build a Healthy Future”, 2018, https:// www.theounce.org/ resources/ start-early-build-healthy-future/.

  • [69] Michael M. Schartner, et al., “Increased spontaneous MEG signal diversity for psychoactive doses of ketamine, LSD and psilocybin,” Nature - Scientific Reports vol. 7 (2017), https:// www.nature.com/ articles/ srep46421

  • [70] Michael Pollan, How to Change Your Mind - What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us About Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depression and Transcendence (New York, 2018).

  • [71] Thomas Pokorny, et al., "Effect of Psilocybin on empathy and moral decision-making," International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 20 (2017), https:// academic.oup.com/ ijnp/ article/ 20/ 9/ 747/ 3868840.

  • [72] Ephrat Livni, “Scientists studying psychoactive drugs accidentally proved the self is an illusion,” Quartz, 2018, https:// qz.com/ 1196408/ scientists-studying-psilocybin-accidentally-proved-the-self-is-an-illusion/.

  • [73] Meng-Que Xu, et al., “Fecal microbiota transplantation broadening its application beyond intestinal disorders,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 21 (2015), https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/ articles/ PMC4284325/.

  • [74] Dae-Wook Kang, et al., “Microbiota Transfer Therapy alters gut ecosystem and improves gastrointestinal and autism symptoms: an open-label study,” Microbiome, vol. 5 (2017), https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/ articles/ PMC5264285/.

  • [75] Victoria Forster, “Preventing Childhood Leukemia May Eventually Be Possible. As A Survivor Myself, I'm Hopeful,” Forbes, 2018, https:// www.forbes.com/ sites/ victoriaforster/ 2018/ 05/ 22/ preventing-childhood-leukemia-may-eventually-be-possible-as-a-survivor-myself-im-hopeful/.

  • [76] David Robson, “How bacteria can change children's lives,” BBC Future, 2018, http:// www.bbc.com/ future/ story/ 20180808-gut-bacteria-that-could-cure-malnutrition.

  • [77] Tanya T. Nguyen, et al., “Overview and systematic review of studies of microbiome in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 99 (2018), https:// www.sciencedirect.com/ science/ article/ pii/ S0022395617310166.

  • [78] Aviva Romm, “Vaginal Seeding of Babies After Cesarean Section - Is it Safe and Recommended?”, Aviva Romm MD, 2018, https:// avivaromm.com/ vaginal-seeding-after-cesarean/.

  • [79] “AOBiome is a Boston-based biotech company focused on transforming human health through products that restore ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB). The company is developing a novel class of therapeutics to improve skin health, hypertension, and other systemic conditions.” Wikipedia, AOBiome, https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ AOBiome

  • [80] 80 American Society for Microbiology, "Sweat-eating bacteria may improve skin health," ScienceDaily, 2014, www.sciencedaily.com/ releases/ 2014/ 09/ 140929180059. htm.

  • [81] Goldman Sachs, “Blockchain - The New Technology of Trust” (2017), https:// www.goldmansachs.com/ our-thinking/ pages/ blockchain/.

  • [82] Alfredo Begazo, “Diversity of large Amazon Rainforest animals leads to greater levels of carbon sequestration, study finds,” Avian Report, 2017, https:// www.avianreport.com/ diversity-of-large-amazon-rainforest-animals-carbon-sequestration/.

  • [83] ABC News, "Environmentalists say proposed Palau marine sanctuary could create more fish stocks," 2014, http:// www.abc.net.au/ news/ 2014-04-01/ an-palaupark/ 5358712.

  • [84] “TED Conferences LLC is a media organization that posts talks online for free distribution under the slogan 'ideas worth spreading.'” Wikipedia, “TED (conference),” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ TED_% 28conference% 29

  • [85] Kathleen Miles, "Ray Kurzweil: In the 2030s, nanobots In our brains will make us 'godlike'," Huffington Post, 2015, https:// m.huffpost.com/ us/ entry/ us_560555a0e4b0af3706dbe1e2; Tim Urban, "Neuralink and the brain's magical future," What But Why, 2017, https:// waitbutwhy.com/ 2017/ 04/ neuralink.html.

  • [86] Veronique Greenwood, “The Next Big Thing in Health is Your Exposome”, Medium, 2018, https:// medium.com/ s/ thenewnew/ the-exposome-is-the-new-frontier-e5bb8b1360da.

  • [87] Santa Fe Institute, “How hunter-gatherers preserved their food sources, Prey-switching behavior helped stabilize an ecosystem,” ScienceDaily, 2016, https:// www.sciencedaily.com/ releases/ 2016/ 02/ 160217145739. htm.

  • [88] Wikipedia, “Facebook– Cambridge Analytica data scandal,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Facebook% E2% 80% 93Cambridge_Analytica_data_scandal.

  • [89] Kyle Wiggers, “Carnegie Mellon researchers create the most convincing deepfakes yet,” VentureBeat, 2018, https:// venturebeat.com/ 2018/ 08/ 16/ carnegie-mellon-researchers-create-the-most-convincing-deepfakes-yet/.

  • [90] Stanford University, “Virtual Reality Can Make People More Compassionate Compared to Other Media,” EurekAlert, 2018, https:// www.eurekalert.org/ pub_releases/ 2018-10/ su-vrc101518. php

  • [91] “Game theory is the study of mathematical models of strategic interaction between rational decision-makers. It has applications in all fields of social science, as well as in logic and computer science.” Wikipedia, “Game Theory,” https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Game_theory.

  • [92] Symbiosis: “the living together of two dissimilar organisms, as in mutualism, commensalism, amensalism, or parasitism.” Dictionary.com, https:// www.dictionary.com/ browse/ symbiosis.

  • [93] Ashley Welch, “Global use of antibiotics soars as resistance crisis worsens”, CBS News, 2018 https:// www.cbsnews.com/ news/ antibiotics-use-soars-as-resistance-crisis-worsens/

  • [94] Genetic Learning Center, “The Microbiome and Disease”, University of Utah, https:// learn.genetics.utah.edu/ content/ microbiome/ disease/